Although daunting at first, towing a vehicle is a very simple task once you understand the basics. To demystify the art of the tow for everybody, we decided to expose a couple of myths in the camping world. This post is meant as an introduction to towing and is not meant for people who have towing experience! That being said, if you’ve heard about a towing misconception that you want to debunk. Do it here – In the comments section below!
1. Tongue weight is not important
Tongue weight is the weight of the trailer that rests on the hinge of the apparatus. It is important to take this number seriously. If it’s too high, the trailer will tilt forward and cause difficulty when steering affecting the balance of your convoy. If the number is too low, your trailer will nose upwards also causing your convoy to be unbalanced.
Incorrect estimations could lead to hitch failure – that’s when your trailer comes off the hitch ball! It is important to ensure even load weight distribution across all the trailer axles. The best way to do it is by using a weight distribution system, or requesting professional assistance. It is always best to have most the weight in the trailer concentrated on the axles. This will help keep the trailer leveled and keep tongue weight in the 10 – 15 % range, which is the recommended range for this measure.
2. GCWR and GVWR are the same thing
False. These numbers stand for completely different things. Prior to hitching your trailer to your towing vehicle, you’ll need to do a little maths and clear two maths problems. Don’t worry guys, it’s just addition!
First is the GCWR. That number needs to exceed the weight of the following:
- Tow vehicle
- Cargo of both the trailer and the towing vehicle
Second is the GVWR. That number needs to exceed the weight of the following:
- Towing vehicle and its cargo
- Tongue weight
3. The hitch ball doesn’t need to perfectly match the trailer tongue
The hitch is the most vulnerable part of your convoy when you’re on the road, so don’t take any risks by not perfectly fitting the trailer onto the hitch. Hitch balls come in various diameters including 1 7/8″, 2″, 2 5/16″ and infrequently, 3″. Some people seem to think that the safety chains can compensate for wrong hitch ball size, however this is a bad idea if you care about safety and law.
For more information about the differance between GCWR and GVWR check out this source
4. You need towing side view mirrors by law
This is only true when the size of your trailer obstructs you from seeing the tail of your convoy and the cars behind you. In this case yes, you will need some special made towing mirrors that are available in all auto shops.
If this is not the case, you just need to adjust your mirrors to give you a wider view.
That being said, what matters most is for you to be comfortable driving with a trailer hitched to your tow vehicle. So if you feel that you need better visibility of your rear, then of course go ahead and upgrade your side view mirrors. Better visibility is never a bad thing!
5. Reversing is not possible when towing a trailer
This is actually not the case. Reversing is totally possible when towing a trailer even with a large payload. It is however extremely difficult to do if you have little experience. So it is recommended to avoid reversing as much as possible, especially when you’re learning.
If you’re in a situation where you need to reverse however:
- Avoid sharp turns
- Do it very slowly
- Recruit a buddy to spot you from the outside
6. The trailer bearings don’t need special care
Trailer bearings should be inspected, cleaned, and regreased annually, since they are exposed to rust and environmental damage. Left unattended, they could cause trailer breakdown, and bring about huge towing and repair costs. You should maintain and lubricate all the bearings inside your trailer’s wheel mechanisms, to avoid excess friction and trailer degradation.
7. Trailers and 5th wheels are hitched the same way
Many believe that the only difference between 5th wheels and trailers is the inside. But the difference in both vehicles however is the hitching. In turn, the special hitching mechanism of the 5th wheel allows you to tow much bigger payloads.
To hitch a 5th wheel, you need an empty truck bed. There is no other way to do it (Although I have seen 5th wheels hitched to the roofs of cars!). The hitching mechanism resides in the bed of the truck, not at the rear bumper. When properly installed, the weight of the trailer is actually pressing down between the cab of the pickup and the rear axle.
For more about the difference between trailers and 5th wheels, check out this source.
And there you have it, 7 myths about towing a trailer debunked. If you have any questions or comments, share them with us in the bottom! We’re glad to help clear any further misconceptions for you!